Introduction

In Chinese Sources, the project breaks down its collection of primary source documents into several categories: White Papers, Official State Media, Cadre Materials, Chinese Academic Discourse, and Online Sources. These categories cover a wide range of material to showcase several strands of the state narrative about current events in Xinjiang. Documents collected and shared in this section were originally intended for a wide range of audiences, ranging from international bodies to civil servants and ordinary Chinese netizens. Some documents are explicit articulations of the official story, while others filter this perspective through academic policy recommendations or personal experiences at the grassroots.

Taken as a whole, this collection provides visitors with a nuanced and multifaceted account of recent developments in Xinjiang—one which traces state policies from their inception in discourse to their implementation in communities, reflects how the state justifies these policies to different audiences, and provides a critical glimpse into their impact on Xinjiang’s Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other ethnic minorities.

This collection presents summaries of the White Papers, which are reports published in English by the State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China to explain and justify policies in Xinjiang. Each entry in the collection features textual analysis of key terms by frequency and a word cloud.

This collection features Chinese-language handbooks designed to instruct cadres on how to implement campaigns targeting Xinjiang’s ethnic minority populations. These “internal materials” (内部资料) are intended for those carrying out campaigns on the ground in the region, and they offer insight into how the state conceives of the goals, scope, and underlying logic of its anti-extremist and poverty alleviation policies.

This collection features a variety of Chinese government sources made available on the internet. They range from official policy documents published on state websites to articles and blog entries written by journalists and participants in campaigns. In addition to providing an on-the-ground window into events in Xinjiang, they also document how knowledge of these events is being presented to a Chinese-language audience.

These collections focus on academic discourse in the past decade as a context leading to the current mass internment of Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other Turkic peoples in Xinjiang. These bibliographies aim to show the development of academic justifications generated by Chinese scholars. As part of the goal of this documentation project, we also host the original Chinese articles on this site to prevent “link rot” and make them available for the future.

This section covers an array of programming presented by Chinese state-run media companies like China Global Television Network (CGTN), China Live, China News Service, and more. The following collection showcases state-sanctioned perspectives on conditions within Xinjiang and the treatment of Indigenous populations in the region. These clips feature site visits to re-education centres, conversations with graduates from these centres, and investigative reports.