Critical Policy and Human Rights Papers

This section contains reports and publications from the US Government and the Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) and NGOs that are critical of the treatment of minorities in Xinjiang.

 

Katherine Pfrommer and Ed Burke, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Tearline and RAND, July 2020

Geolocating Growth of Suspect “Boarding” Facilities in Xinjiang China

This sophisticated document uses geospatial technology to locate and track the construction of mass internment camps in southern Xinjiang, providing material proof and a construction timeline of up to 55 facilities to house detainees over the last few years.

William Drexel, Uyghur Human Rights Project, June 2020

Kashgar Coerced: Forced Reconstruction, Exploitation, and Surveillance in the Cradle of Uyghur Culture (UHRP)

This report from the Uyghur Human Rights Project shows how Kashgar, a pivotal city to Uyghur culture and history has become a model of the Chinese ‘smart city,’ which contains the relevant infrastructure and technologies for Chinese ethnic repression.

Center for Global Policy, June 2020

The Global Implications of “Re-education” Technologies in Northwest China (Center for Global Policy)

This analysis focuses on the technological dimension of repression and control in Xinjiang. The widespread use of facial recognition technology, the mass construction of internment camps, the ranking of trustworthiness of citizens are some examples of how technology evolved to advance the subjugation of Uyghurs and Muslims in Xinjiang.

The Jamestown Foundation, June 2020

Sterilizations, IUDs, and Mandatory Birth Control: The CCP’s Campaign to Suppress Uyghur Birthrates in Xinjiang (The Jamestown Foundation)

This detailed report by Adrian Zenz documents the implementation of state policy in Xinjiang that aims to suppress birth rate among Uyuighurghurs and other ethnic minorities.  The use of sterilization and mandatory birth control appears to be a policy sanctioned by the highest level of government in China and meets the international definition of genocide.

Australian Strategic Policy Institute, March 2020

‘Re-education’, Forced Labour and Surveillance beyond Xinjiang (Australia Strategic Policy Institute)

This report published by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) highlights the systematic forced labour, surveillance, and re-education camps in Xinjiang and beyond.

Rustem Shir, Uyghur Human Rights Project, May 2019

Resisting Chinese Linguistic Imperialism (UHRP)

This report gives an overview of the evolution and design of the restrictions on language in Xinjiang.

Human Rights Watch, 2019

China’s Algorithms of Repression (Human Rights Watch)

This report provides a detailed description of “a mobile app that police and other officials use to communicate with the Integrated Joint Operations Platform (IJOP, 一体化联合作战平台), one of the main systems Chinese authorities use for mass surveillance in Xinjiang.”

Human Rights Watch, November 2018

Mapping Xinjiang’s ‘re-education’ camps (Australian Strategic Policy Institute)

This report published by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) highlights the systematic forced labour, surveillance, and re-education camps in Xinjiang and beyond.

Human Rights Watch, September 2018

“Eradicating Ideological Viruses” China’s Campaign of Repression Against Xinjiang’s Muslims (Human Rights Watch)

This report presents evidence of mass arbitrary detention, torture, and mistreatment of Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang.

Uyghur Human Rights Project, 2018

The Mass Internment of Uyghurs (UHRP)

The report also gives a detailed account of the camps in the region form both primary and secondary sources.

US Department of State, 2018

International Religious Freedom Report 2018 (US Department of State)

This report from the State Department describes the severity of reported religious freedom violations specific to Xinjiang.